Andalusia Food Culture – A Melting Pot of Cultural Cuisines
Spain, of course, needs no introduction – the country has a very vivid history, with more than its share of cultures passing through, over the past 1000 years. These cultures carried with it many traditions we still see today. When it comes to Spanish cuisine however, no other province or territory stands out quite like Andalusia.
The History of Andalusian Cuisine
Andalusia, located in the South of Spain is known as “the bridge between two continents” and is Spain’s largest province. Andalusia is a melting pot of cultures and civilizations and one of Europe’s oldest cities whose history goes back over three thousand years. Because of its diverse history and mixed cultures, Andalusia today still has traces left of its former rulers.
It was the Romans who taught the Andalusians how to cultivate wheat and vines, and use fish from the Mediterranean to produce “garum”, also known as the ketchup of the Roman world. The Arabs taught Andalusians how to grow fruit and vegetables, and how to use irrigation systems to improve the cultivation of olive trees in the production of oil. Thanks to this ancient system, Andalusia today is the world’s largest distributor of Olive oil.
Next, the Greeks, Phoenicians, Carthaginians, and Visigoths left their mark on the art, science, culture and most importantly, the gastronomy of Andalusia.
Even now, in Malaga city (and most of the Costa del Sol), you will be treated to specific nuts, fruits and spices left behind by Arab rule. One big example of this is saffron – an elusive spice and quite magical! Saffron is mostly grown in the Castile-La Mancha region of Spain. Saffron enhances flavour, it adds a mouth watering scent and adds colour (bright orange in most cases) to famous Spanish dishes like Paella and cocido Manchego among many other stews.
You might be thinking that saffron is a simple spice that sits comfortably at the top of the list with Basil or oregano, but here’s where you’re wrong. The saffron spice comes from the saffron crocus, which is a flower that only sprouts in October and November for one week! The saffron must be harvested—by hand! —in the mid-morning when the flowers are still closed in order to protect the delicate stigmas inside. How many threads, you might ask?
Each flower produces only three threads! It takes about 1,000 flowers to produce just one ounce of saffron.
A Tale of Two Seas – The Mediterranean and The Atlantic
Unique to the South of Spain is the collision of two seas, the Mediterranean and the Atlantic. These provide many types of fish, some of which hold such robust qualities, you won’t find it in any other waters. One of the best examples of this is the red tuna, which journeys from the Atlantic Ocean to the Mediterranean on its yearly migration route. This red tuna is so rich in aroma, and taste, it is regarded as the best with regards to fish quality across the globe.
What are the most popular foods in Andalusia?
Andalusia, today, is noted for its many seafood and shellfish dishes like the famous pescaito frito (deep-fry fish) found everywhere. The Arab East, where several Spanish sauces like Salsa a la Granadina, had their origin, sauces made with tahini (sesame seed paste), garlic and lemon juice as a base are served with meat and vegetable dishes. The Moors in Spain substituted some of the ingredients but continued to use the sauce in the same fashion.
So, what are the most popular dishes in Andalusia? We’ve got the top 5 list below that you need to try the next time you come for a visit!
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#1 – The Paella
Of course, Paella!
Southern cuisine is swimming in seafood – that might be a bad pun, but it’s the truth! The Paella ranks right at the top when it comes to Spanish cuisine across the entire country; and even though the paella is NOT originally from Andalusia, it has become the most traditional dish across the southern Iberian Peninsula.
Paella is a dish that originally belongs to Valencia, but because of its unique taste and several different recipes per location, it’s transcended the provincial borders in Spain. In Andalusia, the most popular paella is the seafood paella.
How many types of paella is there?
It seems every time you type “paella recipes” into Google, the results will vary from each website dedicated to the Spanish cuisine. As you can well imagine, over the years, people from all over the world have put their own spin on the Spanish paella. But, with a bit more digging, we managed to find the top 5 kinds of Spanish paella, which includes the classic!
- The original traditional Valencia paella
- Paella Marinera (seafood)
- Black Paella
- Mixed Paella
- Vegetarian Paella
#2 – Gazpacho Soup
This traditional soup is famous the world over, and it all started here in Andalusia. If you love tomato soup, then you’re bound to like gazpacho. The only difference being, tomato soup is served hot, and gazpacho is served cold. You’ll find the cold soup served in every town and village across Spain, but in Andalusia, you’re more likely to get the original recipe that’s been around for centuries.
Traditionally, Gazpacho is made of raw vegetables like garlic, onion, plenty of tomatoes, peppers, and cucumbers. Some add bread, others take out the garlic or onion. It’s a recipe that really is up to many variations. Gazpacho soup is always refreshing and gives you plenty of energy. It’s the best you can have during hot summer days.
#3 – Espetos
Espetos are skewers of sardines, sometimes a dorado or prawns, which are grilled over a barbecue in the form of a boat. There is no shortage of these grilling boats with Espetos across the Costa del Sol. In fact, you’ll these delicious little grilled fish on just about every beach restaurant in the south.
This includes Malaga, Nerja and Marbella!
#4 – Chipirones
This delectable little snack is very popular to eat whilst on the beach on the Costa del Sol. Chipirones are baby squid or very small cuttle fish that are usually battered and then deep-fried. If you love calamari, then this dish is paradise. A classic Andalusian dish with heaps of whole baby squids – the ultimate in little comfort foods.
Don’t forget to order a jug of the classic Sangria to share (or not!), while enjoying any of these classic Andalusian dishes.
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#5 – Tapas
Once again, we have classic cuisine that is famous the world over – the Spanish tapa! But what exactly is a tapa?
Traditionally they are small savoury dishes, snacks, or appetisers of Spanish cuisine. It might be breads and meat, or a selection of dishes from ham, stuffed mussels, fried squid, to olives, sautéed mushroom, and other vegetables. Essentially, Tapas is a small plate or serving, and it’s a great way to try something new.
Tapas are so popular in the South of Spain, that many restaurants will ban together to promote a “tapas crawl”, adjusting their prices to be on par, and even providing a FREE caña (small beer) when you buy one tapa.
Imagine for one moment, being able to have a lovely dining experience close to the beaches in the costal areas of Malaga, and only having to spend 20 euros. This is exactly why Spanish tapas no matter where you might be in this beautiful ancient country are so popular.
A cheap night out enjoying the best cuisine and beer that pennies can buy!